Numerous scientific studies have shown the harmful effects of aversive training methods and equipment. Below you’ll find some of the most important studies to date.
A survey of the use and outcome of confrontational and non-confrontational training methods in client-owned dogs showing undesired behaviors (Herron 2009).
The effects of two training methods on stress-related behaviors of the dog and on the owner-dog relationship (Deldalle et al., 2013).
Training methods and owner-dog interactions; links with dog behavior and learning ability (Rooney et al., 2011).
Dog training methods: their use, effectiveness and interaction with behavior and welfare (Hibey et al., 2004).
The use of electronic collars for training domestic dogs: estimated prevalence, reasons and risk factors for use, and owner perceived success as compared to other training methods (Blackwell et al., 2012).
Training methods of military dog handlers and their effects on the team’s performances (Haverbecke et al., 2007).
The relationship between training methods and the occurrence of behavior problems, as reported by owners, in a population of domestic dogs (Blackwell et al., 2008).